All the Tenuta Vallocaia wines lined up in a row ready for tastingAll the Tenuta Vallocaia wines lined up in a row ready for tasting

All about docg, doc and igt

Italian wine law – a simple breakdown.

There are three quality classifications for Italian wines:

  • Denominazione di origine controllata e garantita (docg)
    The highest honour is reserved for certain wines from specific producers, not entire regions. If it says docg on the outside, it’s got the highest quality inside.
  • Denominazione di origine controllata (doc)
    This regulates the geographical origin of the grapes, the harvest and the permissible grape varieties, as well as wine production and storage.
  • Indicazione geografica tipica (igt)
    Covers a larger winegrowing area than doc wines.
  • Vino da tavola (vdt)
    The lowest classification, «vini generici» without geographical designation.

So how does a Super Tuscan wine like Tignanello «only» have the igt rating? Docg and doc ratings also stipulate which varieties winemakers can use, so the Tignanello Sangiovese-Cabernet blend bears the igt seal, which affords more flexibility in terms of grape varieties. By the way, this doesn’t affect the quality.

Our wine recommendations

  1. - +
    Italy, Tuscany
    90 % Sangiovese, 10 % altri vitigni / autres variétés / ergänzende Sorten

    75 cl
    Pèppoli – Chianti classico docg, Tenuta Pèppoli
  2. - +
    Italy, Veneto
    Rondinella, Molinara, Corvina, Oseleta

    75 cl
    Riserva di Costasera – Amarone della Valpolicella classico docg, Riserva, Masi
  3. - +
    Italy, Piedmont
    100 % Barbera

    75 cl
    Montebruna – Barbera d'Asti docg, Braida

Even more wine expertise

Myths from the world of wine

Putting a spoon in an open bottle of Champagne? We have a better idea…

Ideal serving temperature

How cold should my wine be? Our wine experts reveal the answer.

Diam corks

Diam corks make «corked wine» a thing of the past.