A glass of white wine and a bottle of GemellaA glass of white wine and a bottle of Gemella

White wine: step by step from grape to bottle

The process of producing wine from grape juice is known as vinification. We explain how white and red grapes end up as white wine.

To make a wine, you need ripe grapes, yeast – and time.

Step 1
The winemaker harvest the ripe grapes.

Step 2
The grapes are destemmed, crushed and pressed.

Step 3
The winemaker fines the cloudy grape juice.

Step 4
Yeast helps kickstart the alcoholic fermentation.

Step 5
Optional: malolactic fermentation (MLF). This process imparts a buttery flavour to the white wine.

Step 6
Storage or maturation in wooden barrels or stainless steel tanks.

Step 7
The wine is bottled, corked, labelled and of course: put on the market!

Did you know?

White wine can also be made from red grapes. Yes, the pigment in grapes is found in the skins. If the winemaker doesn’t let the grapes come into contact with the must, the grape juice remains white. This type of wine is known as «Blanc de Noirs».

Production process

White wine production diagramWhite wine production diagram
White wine production diagramWhite wine production diagram

Our wine recommendations

  1. - +
    Italy, Sicily
    49 % Cataratto, 18 % Sauvignon blanc, 15 % Pinot bianco / Pinot blanc / Weissburgunder, 10 % Gewürztraminer, 8 % Moscato bianco

    75 cl
    Leone Blend – Terre Siciliane igt Tenuta Regaleali, Tasca
  2. - +
    Italy, South Tyrol
    100 % Pinot grigio / Pinot gris / Grauburgunder

    75 cl
    Pinot grigio – Alto Adige doc, Alois Lageder
  3. - +
    Italy, Tuscany
    100 % Vermentino

    75 cl
    Vermentino – Bolgheri doc, Tenuta Guado al Tasso

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